Allegrini 2018

Oiv: 2018 wine numbers show a global growth from every point of view

The planted areas grow, production (with Italy as the leader) and world trade are also increasing

The areas planted with vines all over the world, destined for the production of wine and table grapes, reached 7.4 million hectares in 2018, of which a good half (51%) was divided between 5 countries only: Spain (13% ), China (12%), France (11%), Italy (9%) and Turkey (6%), a slight increase compared to 2017, Italy, in the last 5 years, has seen a growth in its own vineyard of 2%, equal to 15,000 hectares more vines between 2014 and 2018, while the most significant evolution is that of China (+ 8% in the same period). In 2018, total production reached 77.8 million tonnes, of which 57% was wine grapes, 36% table grapes, and the remaining 7% raisins. The world's leading producer is China, with 11.7 million tons, of which only 10.3% of wine grapes, while Italy, in second place at 8.6 million tons, has a share of wine grapes of 86.5%, with the U.S. and Spain at 6.9 million tons, and respectively 65.6% and 96% of wine grapes, and France at 6.2 million tons, almost entirely of wine grapes (99.6%). However, the most important fact, presented by the Director General Oiv, Pau Roca, at the World Congress of Vine and Wine No. 42, staged in Geneva is the production of wine that, in 2018, has reached 292 million hectoliters.
At the top, among the producing countries, there is Italy, at 54.8 million hectoliters (+ 29% on the disastrous year 2017),
followed by France (48.6 million hectoliters), Spain ( 44.4 million hectoliters), USA (23.9 million hectoliters), Argentina (14.5 million hectoliters), Chile (12.9 million hectoliters), Australia (12.9 million hectoliters), Germany ( 10.3 million hectoliters) and China (9.1 million hectoliters). Global wine consumption, on the other hand, reached 246 million hectolitres in 2018, with the USA increasingly becoming the reference market in the world, with 33 million hectolitres of wine drunk, followed by France (26.8 million hectolitres), Italy (22.4 million hectolitres), Germany (20 million hectolitres), China (17.6 million hectolitres) and Great Britain (12.4 million hectolitres). In terms of growth in the period 2014-2018, the exploit of consumption in Italy should be underlined, with +14.9%, while China is essentially stable (+1.3%) and the USA is growing by 7.6%. Looking at the figures for international trade, export volumes have remained stable at 108 million hectolitres, and the same applies to values in 2018 at 31 billion euros, just as in 2017. In terms of value, the market is led by bottled wine, with a turnover of 21.9 billion euros, followed by bubbles (6.2 billion euros) and bulk, which also includes the bag-in-box (3.3 billion euros): all three segments, between 2014 and 2019, have recorded significant changes, in the order of +19%, +33%, and +21% respectively.
Looking at the volumes exported to the world, the bottled is worth 57.9 million hectoliters, the bulk 40.3 million hectoliters and the bubbles 9.3%. Spain, with 21.1 million hectolitres, Italy (19.7 million hectolitres) and France (14.1 million hectolitres) are on the podium in terms of volume exports. The exporting countries' positions were reversed in terms of value, with France, as always, at the top, at 9.3 billion euros, followed by Italy (6.1 billion euros) and Spain (2.9 billion euros). Among the importing countries, Germany is still first in terms of volumes, with 14.7 million hectolitres, but down 5% compared to 2014, with Great Britain in second place at 13.2 million hectolitres, the USA in third place at 11.5 million hectolitres, France in fourth place at 7.1 million hectolitres, and China, up 79% on 2014, in fifth place at 6.9 million hectolitres. In terms of value, the USA is by far the world's leading importer, with 5.3 billion euros of wine purchased in 2018, followed by Great Britain (3.5 billion euros), Germany (2.6 billion euros), China (2.4 billion euros) and Canada (1.7 billion euros).

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